Cerebral palsy is a physical disability that affects a person’s movement, posture, and sometimes speech and swallowing. It is caused by damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth. It specifically affects the part of the brain responsible for muscle tone and control (the motor cortex). In most cases, the cause
of the brain damage is unknown.
Cerebral palsy is not an intellectual disability and does not necessarily affect a person’s brain in other ways. However, some people with cerebral palsy might have other disabilities or conditions as a result, such as epilepsy or difficulties learning, seeing, hearing, speaking and growing.
Cerebral palsy can range from mild to severe disability, but does not get worse over time. People with cerebral palsy can live healthy and fulfilling lives. Cerebral palsy does not significantly reduce life expectancy, but it can have other effects on a person’s long-term health.