You should speak to a doctor if you are worried you have symptoms of diabetes, or think you might be at risk. Your doctor will then ask you to get a blood test to check the levels of glucose in your blood. Your doctor will then design and maintain a clear management plan for your diabetes.
While there is no cure for type 1 or 2 diabetes, the effects on your life and health can be managed through diet, exercise and medication.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections or an insulin pump to support your body’s regulation of glucose in the blood. Although Type 1 diabetes isn’t caused by lifestyle factors, managing your diet and exercise can reduce your risk of developing complications as a result of the condition. Serious complications can include kidney disease and circulation problems, especially in the feet.
Type 2 diabetes may initially be treated through simple lifestyle changes. These generally involve increasing your exercise and modifying your diet to help control the levels of glucose in your blood. Medication may be considered if your diabetes gets worse.
Blood glucose monitoring is another important part of managing diabetes, helping you and your doctor understand the effect your management plan is having on your condition. This is a useful indicator of the success of your plan, allowing you and your doctor to adapt as necessary.